美国国家航空航天局NASA每日一图-2017年7月13日

Looking Back: Aircraft Engineering Research Conference at Langley's Full Scale Tunnel, 1934

 

This year, NASA is celebrating the 100th anniversary of the agency’s Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia, with events including three days of discussion and storytelling with notable aerospace experts at the Langley Centennial Symposium. In Langley's early years of crafting flight, aviation pioneers flocked to the center for engineering conferences. This photo was taken in Langley's Full Scale Tunnel during the 1934 Aircraft Engineering Research Conference, with Orville Wright, Charles Lindbergh and Howard Hughes in attendance.

The Full Scale Tunnel facility was built in 1930 to test full-sized aircraft and large-scale models. Wind tunnels are carefully designed manmade structures that channel and move air or other gases so that the airstream's effects on objects are determined without actual takeoff and flight. The creation and development of wind tunnels at Langley would literally change the shape of all things aerial. Seventy-eight years of testing, from biplanes through spacecraft, and most of the military planes that made a difference in this nation’s wars since 1931 have gone through the tunnel. From humble beginnings in the early 1920s to today's experiments in upgraded facilities with state-of-the-art computers, sensors and supporting instrumentation, Langley wind tunnels today number among the world's leaders in aeronautical design analysis.

Image Credit: NASA

Last Updated: July 13, 2017
Editor: Sarah Loff

回顾:兰利全尺度隧道飞机工程研究会议,1934年

今年,美国航空航天局正在弗吉尼亚州汉普顿的兰利研究中心隆重举行庆祝成立100周年,其中包括与兰利百年研讨会的着名航空航天专家进行了三天的讨论和讲故事。在兰利早年的飞行初期,航空先驱者涌向中心进行工程会议。这张照片是在1934年飞机工程研究大会期间在兰利的全尺度隧道拍摄的,奥维尔·赖特,查尔斯·林德伯格和霍华德·休斯出席了会议。

在满量程隧道设施建于1930年,以测试全尺寸飞机和大型模型。风洞是经过精心设计的人造结构,可引导和移动空气或其他气体,从而确定气流对物体的影响,无需实际起飞和飞行。兰利风洞的创造和发展将会改变所有天线的形状。从二手飞机到宇宙飞船七十八年的测试,自1931年以来在这个国家战争中发生变化的大多数军机已经穿过隧道。从二十世纪二十年代初的谦虚起步,到今天在升级设备中使用最先进的电脑,传感器和配套仪器的实验,兰利风洞今天在世界“ 在航空设计分析领域的领导者。

图片来源:NASA

最后更新:2017年7月13日
编辑:莎拉·洛夫

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